Preparing for Implants with Bone Grafting Procedures
A person’s jawbone deteriorates over time leaving the bone poor in quality and quantity. This condition makes the bone unsuitable for a placement of dental implants. Also, the person who suffers from this condition will not qualify as candidates for dental implants.
Fortunately, medical innovations have found an effective way to enable the body to grow bone where it is needed. This innovation is known as bone grafting. It not only provides the opportunity for the placement of dental implants but also helps in restoring the jawbone’s functionality and aesthetic appearance.
What is Bone Grafting?
Bone grafting is a method of repairing the jawbone, which has an insufficient structure, caused by gum injuries or disease and previous tooth extractions, to make it possible for placing dental implants. The bone graft is taken from either the tissue bank or from a patient’s own bone on the hips, tibia, or jaw. Sinus bone grafts are also used to replace the posterior upper jawbones. Moreover, special membranes, which dissolve under the gum, are used to encourage bone regeneration and protect the bone graft. This process is known as guided tissue or bone regeneration.
To repair substantial defects of the jawbone, bone grafting is typically performed. These defects occur as a result of various conditions, which may include congenital defects, tumor surgery, and traumatic injuries. These defects are restored using the person’s own bone, which is harvested from different parts of the body. Depending on the dimensions of the defect, the bone grafts are usually taken from the patient’s tibia or lateral knee, hip, and skull. Generally, these procedures require an operating room and a hospital stay.
Dr. Damon can perform different bone grafting techniques and also uses growth factors for enhanced healing.
Bone Grafting Techniques
Dr. Damon employs a variety of bone grafting techniques. The particular method he recommends will be dependent on the patient’s unique needs and treatment goals.
Sometimes, a bone graft is placed immediately following a tooth extraction. This is known as socket preservation, a technique which helps to prevent the bone degeneration that typically occurs following tooth loss. By immediately placing a bone graft, the patient can typically receive a dental implant sooner.
Block grafts are used when there are large sections of bone missing from the jaw that cannot be filled with grafting material. Instead, block grafts are screwed into place and left for a period of four to six months while the bone heals. A membrane is often placed over the graft to protect it from abnormal tissue growths.
Xenografts are bone grafts taken from other species, such as bovine, which essentially trick the human body into recognizing it as natural bone. The body then eventually absorbs the bovine tissue, replacing it with the patient’s own natural tissues. These materials are supplied by banks who have the ability to extract tissue that has been proven for bone growth and improved healing.
Cadavers are the primary source of allografts. These bone grafts are extracted in large amounts and specially treated to prevent contamination and spread of diseases. Bone grafts with allografts are one of the most successful types of grafts.
Dr. Damon combines most bone grafts with platelet-rich plasma (PRP). This enriches a small sample of the patient’s own blood with platelets and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), which expedites healing.
Learn More About the Necessity of Bone Grafting
If you have been told you are not a good candidate for implants due to bone degeneration, we can help. Contact us today using our online form or call our Dallas office at (972) 457 – 3097 or our Fort Worth Office at (817) 756-7047 to schedule an appointment.