Periodontal Health and Your Dentures: Why It's Important

By Dr. Damon on April 15, 2016

An older couple smilingDr. Clark Damon of Fort Worth takes a holistic approach to dental care, knowing that all parts of the mouth are in some way connected. When it comes full and partial dentures, that means paying attention to all parts of the mouth. Many people think only about the health of the teeth and the patient's jawbone when it comes to dentures. In fact, there are many other considerations with dental wellness when you have dentures in place.

Gum health can be just as important with regard to dentures, yet many people take these matters for granted. There are two issues of note: gum disease and gum recession. Let's look at each of these individually.

Gum Disease

Gum disease refers to the bacterial infection of the gum tissue. This infection is caused by the same bacteria responsible for tooth decay and gum disease.

There are three stages of gum disease, listed below from least severe to most severe:

  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis
  • Advanced periodontitis

As gum disease progresses, it makes tooth loss, spread of infection, and other more serious health issues likely.

Gum Recession

Gum recession refers to the loss of gum tissue along the dental ridge. When teeth are still present, gum recession often occurs due to smoking, gum disease, and trauma from aggressive brushing and flossing. When a person is missing a tooth, gum recession can also occur in the area of a tooth gap since there is no root structure to be supported.

How Periodontal Health Problems Affect Denture Wearers

Both gum disease and gum recession can lead to issues with the comfort and fit of a denture.

For removable dentures, the loss of gum tissue or serious problems with the health of the gum tissue means that dentures are more likely to come loose and/or feel uncomfortable when they are in place.

When a patient has dentures fixed in place with dental implants, gum recession and gum disease can lead to less stable implants being in place, resulting in implant failure and serious damage to the jawbone as well.

Thankfully there are treatments to address gum disease and gum recession.

Treatments for Gum Disease

When it comes to treating gum disease, the best option tends to involve the use of antiseptic rinses and antibiotic medications. These will help keep the infection under control and allow a dentist to perform restorative procedures as needed.

Treatments for Gum Recession

To address gum recession, a dentist may rely on the use of soft tissue augmentation. Also known as gum grafting, this oral surgery process involves using artificial soft tissue or donor tissue from another part of the mouth to build up the missing gumline.

Tips for Maintaining Good Periodontal Health

To prevent gum disease and gum recession, consider these helpful tips:

  • Brush your teeth regularly, at least twice a day (ideally after every meal)
  • Floss your teeth regularly, at least once a day (ideally after every meal)
  • Do not use tobacco products
  • Clean and soak your denture/bridge as instructed
  • Visit your dentist for regular checkups and maintenance

Schedule a Visit to Texas Denture Clinic

For more information about dentures and what you can do to maintain good fit and function, be sure to contact our restorative dentistry center today. Dr. Clark Damon and his entire team look forward to your visit and discussing your dental health and wellness.

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